PSYC406 Quiz 5

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// As many as __________% of inpatients may be diagnosed with borderline personality disorder.

A.20
B.30
C.40
D.50
Correct E.60

//

Answer Key: E
// ____________________disorder is prevalent in correctional settings.

A.Dysthymic Personality
B.Sociopathic Personality
Correct C.Antisocial Personality
D.Narcissistic Personality

//

Answer Key: C
DSM-IV-TR includes 12 individual personality disorders.

Correct
A. True
B. False
Answer Key: False
// Converting DSM personality disorder to a dimensional model requires integration with the:

A.Trait and Factor Theory
Correct B.5-Factor Model
C.Sociopathological Model
D.Social Constructivist Model

//

Answer Key: B
Personality disorders are generally believed to be untreatable.

Correct
A. True
B. False
Answer Key: True
// And individual with the characteristics of aimlessness, unreliability, lax, negligent, manipulative, exploitative, aggressive, ruthless and hedonistic might be diagnosed with:

A.Narcissistic Personality Disorder
B.Obessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder
C.Borderline Personality Disorder
Correct D.Antisocial Personality Disorder

//

Answer Key: D
The single most frequently diagnosed personality disorder is:____________ _______________ ___________. Correctborderline personality disorder

Answer Key: borderline personality disorder
Insecure interpersonal attachment is considered to be central to the etiology and pathology of: ______________ __________________ ______________. Correctdependent personality disorder

Answer Key: dependent personality disorder
Key to STPD are traits that include magical ideation, cognitive-perceptual abberrations, and eccentric behaviors.

Correct
A. True
B. False
Answer Key: True
// Somatization is characterized by:

A.similarities in people according to skin color
B.differences in people according to external biological features
Correct C.the possibility of suffering from a yet undiagnosed physical disease.
D.All of the above

//

Answer Key: C
// The presence of neurological symptoms of disorder without medical substantiation may be indicative of:

Correct A.conversion disorder
B.dymorphic disorder
C.pain disorder
D.hypochondriasis

//

Answer Key: A
// Hypochondriasis is, traditionally:

A.consider different by clinicians
Correct B.difficult to treat
C.easy to treat
D.maniacally based

//

Answer Key: B
Interventions for BDD might include changing avoidance behaviors.

Correct
A. True
B. False
Answer Key: True
Somatofrom disorder treatment programs and outcomes may be enhanced by an improved ____________________ understanding of these problems. Correctconceptual

Answer Key: conceptual
// A common perception of healthcare providers is that those with a somatoform disorder are a “____________________.”

A.joy to be around
B.taking psychotropics
C.expected to be psychotic
Correct D.pain in the neck

//

Answer Key: D
Outline the major features of the Five-Factor Model of general personality structure(350-500 words).Outline the major features of the Five-Factor Model of general personality structure

The five factor model outlines five basic personality traits that are consistently seen in individuals in all societies. The five basic traits are extraversion, neuroticism, agreeableness, conscientiousness, and open-mindedness (Maddux & Winstead, 2012). These have been used to explain the five general types of personalities.

Extraversion is a personality type that is generally used to describe people who are outgoing and talkative in any social setting. Extraverted people are considered warm, inviting, and kind, however, they can be off-putting to other personality types because they tend to be people who seek thrills (Maddux & Winstead, 2012).

Neuroticism is generally the assigned personality trait for those that have high anxiety and are vulnerable and prone to some level of hostility toward others in social settings due to the increased anxiety that the social setting produces (Maddux & Winstead, 2012).

Agreeableness tends to come out through character traits such as honesty, cooperation and appreciation for others. People who fall into this category tend to be a follower and not a leader. They will agree to do whatever is asked to keep from being Oster sized by the group. These people tend to help others at all costs and tend to be kind hearted.

Conscientiousness is usually characterized by order, and detail in the personality. Motivation is usually out of desire to be complete, and to be seen as competent in relation to assign tasks (Maddux & Winstead, 2012).

Open-mindedness refers to an openness to experiencing new things. Unlike the extravert, the trait of open-mindedness is open to accepting beauty and feelings. This trait likes to see new things presented and likes new approaches to tasks (Maddux & Winstead, 2012).

People are either rated high or low (or somewhere in between) in relation to the five personalities. This gives professionals more room to diagnose based on the personality or behavior of a person. There are subtypes of personality disorders within the five that can make treatment more beneficial.

Maddux, J; Winstead, B. (2012). Ps (3rd ed). New York: Routledge.

Provide an overview of the history of “learning disorders.” (350-500 words). Please feel free to elaborate.Provide an overview of the history of “learning disorders.” (350-500 words). Please feel free to elaborate

Learning disorders have always existed in some form or another. From the beginning of time, there have been people who excelled at one thing or another, while others are just complete failures in the same category. There have always been people that have a hard time learning things. The definition of a learning disorder is difficulty learning that which society considers normal and a simple thing to learn. These learning difficulties have only been researched as to why they exist.

The term learning disorder is a very general term for many disorders that may fall under it. A learning disorder can only be labeled that way if most of the population does not suffer from it. A person is suffering from a learning disorder if their achievement is much lower what is expected of others of that age group in connection to social, academic or overall intelligence (Maddux & Winstead, 2012).

Due to the fact that there was little focus historically, may be the reasoning behind why some people had a lower level of learning and intelligence. Unlike psychology, which has roots in ancient philosophy, learning disorders are relatively unstudied. It was not until the latter half of the twentieth century before this actually had a name. Even to this day, it is not completely understood why some people are born with learning impairments. Many have speculated that DNA passed down through time have matched up and caused the gene mutation. The other factor may be nature and other things that can affect the growing development of a baby. There is current research about learning disorders and how they are transferred.

Maddux, J & Winstead, B. (2012). Ps (3rd ed). New York: Routledge.

Compare and contrast the etiology of 2 personality disorders.Compare and contrast the etiology of 2 personality disorders.

I will address borderline personality disorder (BPD) and bipolar disorder. BPD was a newly added diagnosis in the DSM III and since the 1970’s BPD has been the most diagnosed, studied, and treated personality disorder Maddux & Winstead, 2012). BPD are mostly seen in personal relationships and deals with instability of the self-image. In the BPD instability of the self-image, it manifests itself as an unstable behavior and the sufferers are usually seen as impulsive in both positive and negative lights. Due to over lapping of symptoms, BPD and bipolar disorder are often diagnosed together. This may also show up during pregnancy and may not have been there previously.

Bipolar is a disorder that is usually familial and characterized by instability of mood (manic and depressive phases) and may be rapid cycling.

While both of these disorders depend on unstable moods or behaviors, the key factor is consistency over time. This would involve determining if the episodes are long acting or short term and if there is a pattern over time. If the episodes are short lived, BPD is generally the diagnosis. If the episodes last longer, bipolar may be presented (Maddux & Winstead, 2012).

Maddux, J; Winstead, B. (2012). Ps (3rd ed). New York: Routledge.

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