Outline the major features of the Five-Factor Model of general personality structure
Outline the major features of the Five-Factor Model of general personality structure(350-500 words).
The five factor model outlines five basic personality traits that are consistently seen in individuals in all societies. The five basic traits are extraversion, neuroticism, agreeableness, conscientiousness, and open-mindedness (Maddux & Winstead, 2012). These have been used to explain the five general types of personalities.
Extraversion is a personality type that is generally used to describe people who are outgoing and talkative in any social setting. Extraverted people are considered warm, inviting, and kind, however, they can be off-putting to other personality types because they tend to be people who seek thrills (Maddux & Winstead, 2012).
Neuroticism is generally the assigned personality trait for those that have high anxiety and are vulnerable and prone to some level of hostility toward others in social settings due to the increased anxiety that the social setting produces (Maddux & Winstead, 2012).
Agreeableness tends to come out through character traits such as honesty, cooperation and appreciation for others. People who fall into this category tend to be a follower and not a leader. They will agree to do whatever is asked to keep from being Oster sized by the group. These people tend to help others at all costs and tend to be kind hearted.
Conscientiousness is usually characterized by order, and detail in the personality. Motivation is usually out of desire to be complete, and to be seen as competent in relation to assign tasks (Maddux & Winstead, 2012).
Open-mindedness refers to an openness to experiencing new things. Unlike the extravert, the trait of open-mindedness is open to accepting beauty and feelings. This trait likes to see new things presented and likes new approaches to tasks (Maddux & Winstead, 2012).
People are either rated high or low (or somewhere in between) in relation to the five personalities. This gives professionals more room to diagnose based on the personality or behavior of a person. There are subtypes of personality disorders within the five that can make treatment more beneficial.
Maddux, J; Winstead, B. (2012). Ps (3rd ed). New York: Routledge.