PSYC406 quiz 4

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// A primary goal of the Siev and Chambless (2007) study is to:

Correct A.review treatment outcome literature
B.advocate for RT
C.support the application of CBT
D.revise the DSM-IV-TR

//

Answer Key: A
// According to the authors of Forum 4 (Week 5):

A.GAD is rarely observed
B.PD is the same as GAD
Correct C.GAD and PD are common and costly
D.None of the above

//

Answer Key: C
// According to the Siev and Chambliss article, there are two primary forms of RT investigated in the outcome literature. One of them is:

A.rapid relaxation
B.differential relaxation
C.application training
Correct D.progressive relaxation

//

Answer Key: D
// CBT for GAD generally includes all of the following elements except:

A.relaxation training
B.rehearsal of coping skills
Correct C.biofeedback
D.self-monitoring

//

Answer Key: C
// The analysis completed by Siev and Chambliss suggests

A.CT is superior to RT in areas of general anxiety
Correct B.CT and RT effect similar changes in the areas of general anxiety
C.RT is ineffective in the areas of general anxiety
D.all of the above

//

Answer Key: B
Consider the statement, “psychopathology research serves psychotherapy research” from Chapter 7 in the course text. Explain that statement and provide a synopsis of the pros and cons of conducting psychotherapy research, how it may be most valuable, and when it may be invalid. (300-500 words).Psychotherapy research plays a vital role in the creation and development of interventions to improve mental disorders as well as promoting well-being. The research process embodies important events in therapy and outcome research. Therapy also includes the prediction of treatment outcomes and adverse mental health events. The statement psychotherapy research serves psychotherapy research means that the two are complimentary and mutually benefit on another by creating a reciprocal loop between the two linking further therapy and treatment together to benefit the patient. The statement “psychopathology research serves psychotherapy research”, means the two mutually benefit each other by creating a reciprocal feedback loop between the two. The example used in the text states “cognitive theory of panic disorder stresses the importance of frightening misinterpretations of bodily sensations to the development and maintenance of this problem” (Maddux & Winstead, 2012, p. 157).

Some of the pros are felt in the conduct of the research. The research should be done in a well-controlled environment which establishes the effectiveness of the research. This also helps with the validity of the data being collected and leaves room for less biases. This thoroughness allows for benchmarks to be set for future studies “demonstrating effectiveness of research-proven efficacious in RCTs”, which play a major role in moving future research more quickly to test effectiveness, thus making them more cost efficient for subsequent research (Maddux & Winstead, 2012, p. 150). A big con to this is to look at the thoroughness because this could end up being costly and make research difficult to conduct. The other disadvantages to this could be that psychotherapy takes long periods of time before progress is shown. This could waste valuable time and money if the research is not panning out. The actual treatment during the testing phase can also do more harm than good to a patient that may have a chemical imbalance causing mental instability.

Psychotherapy can still be considered a valuable form of treatment. Guidelines exist for the initial treatment and planning phases of research to help in maintaining what works and what doesn’t and allows a therapist to treat effectively and also allows for diversity in the treatments. This would be especially true in those involving the use of medication to see the long term effects on a patient. This may also provide for better emotional, behavioral, and personality support to those that do not respond to medications. There are also fewer side effects with this type of treatment versus medication.

Maddux, J.E. & Winstead, B.A. (2012). Psychopathology: Foundations for a contemporary

understanding (3rd ed.) Routledge

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