Psyc406 quiz 1

Question 1 of 18 2.0 Points

In the journal article assigned to Forum 1, the authors assert that they were able to make conclusions about treatment.

 

True
False

 

Answer Key: False
Question 2 of 18 2.0 Points

 

The purpose of the Minami et al. study assigned for Forum 1 was to evaluate the effectiveness of TAU’s delivered in a managed healthcare organization by means of a bench marking strategy.

Answer Key: benchmarking
Question 3 of 18 2.0 Points

Limitations of the Minami et al. Forum 1 Journal Article called for caution in interpretation of the results.

 

True
False

 

Answer Key: True
Question 4 of 18 2.0 Points

According to the list of psychiatric disorders provided in the DSM-IV-TR PowerPoint material, a Mood Disorder is diagnosed on:

 

A.Axis II
B.Axis VI
C.Axis IV
D.Axis I

 

Answer Key: D
Question 5 of 18 2.0 Points

The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, or DSM-IV-TR is authored by:

 

A.American Psychological Association
B.American Philosophial Association
C.National Alliance for Mental Illness
D.American Psychiatric Association

 

Answer Key: D
Question 6 of 18 2.0 Points

The victims of Katrina in New Orleans that have been displaced and receiving mental health treatment might receive specific attention on Axis IV of the DSM-IV-TR as follows:

 

A.Occupational problems
B.Problems related to the social environment
C.Housing and Economic Problems
D.All of the above

 

Answer Key: D
Question 7 of 18 2.0 Points

Abnormal, in terms of pathological psychological phenomenon means:

 

A.away from the norm
B.statistically deviant
C.behavior occurring infrequently
D.all of the above

 

Answer Key: D
Question 8 of 18 2.0 Points

The terms “adaptive” and “maladaptive” refer to the effectiveness, or ineffectiveness of a person’s behavior.

 

A. True
B. False

 

Answer Key: True
Question 9 of 18 5.0 Points

Compare and contrast the social constructivist perspective of psychopathology to that of the essentialist perspective. (350-500 words).

Essentialism states that there are behavioral attributes and attitudes that make up every person. The essential thing of a person is basically what it is. A person is made up of essential behaviors, genes and other attributes which identify us as people. Without the differences that we have, there would be no uniqueness and we would all be the same. This is controversial from the beginning and has been the topic of debate for centuries. Constructivism is the theory of knowledge. This states that each person gains knowledge by experience and trial and error. Each experience is what makes us who we are. This type of theory is based on learning theories and educational reform. So using both of these ideals, the fact that we are who we are born to be by using learning theories, can help shape who we are and what we become as far as psychopathology perspectives. This study is basically the pathology of psychology and what behaviors mold and shape us as a society. Maddux, James; Winstead, Barbara; & Gosselin, Jennifer. (n.d.). Conceptions of psychopathology: a social constructionist perspective. Retrieved from http://www.caleblack.com.

Question 10 of 18 2.0 Points

Diagnostic criteria and constructs appear to have consistent implications and meanings across different cultures.

 

A. True
B. False

 

Answer Key: False
Question 11 of 18 2.0 Points

There is probably not a DSM-IV disorder for which gender differences have been problematic.

 

A. True
B. False

 

Answer Key: False
Question 12 of 18 2.0 Points

About ________ percent of of individuals who attempt or commit suicide have a mental disorder.

 

A.30%
B.90%
C.10%
D.45%

 

Answer Key: B
Question 13 of 18 2.0 Points

There appears to be plenty of criticism of DSM-IV and ICD-10. However, ______________________________.

 

A.none suggest abandonment
B.benefits outweigh costs
C.there is fault with the language
D.all of the above

 

Answer Key: D
Question 14 of 18 2.0 Points

Depression seems to be primarily a contemporary phenomenon without a long-term history of conception.

 

A. True
B. False

 

Answer Key: False
Question 15 of 18 2.0 Points

Prevalence rates of depression:

 

A.are consistent over time
B.have diminished with the advent of psychotropic medications
C.vary between 4-6%
D.cannot be determined

 

Answer Key: C
Question 16 of 18 2.5 Points

Define the terms “endogenous” and “reactive.”

Endogenous depression is a form of clinical depression. It is also characterized as a major depression that produces strong feelings of worthlessness and hopelessness toward oneself. Reactive depression is also a form of clinical depression. It occurs when disturbing events occur such as the loss of a loved one and is often looked upon as normal grief.

Question 17 of 18 2.0 Points

Mood disorders occur twice as often in women than in men.

 

A. True
B. False

 

Answer Key: True
Question 18 of 18 2.5 Points

Describe the negative self-schema model and the impact on the development of symptoms of depression.

Negative self-schema model is one of the cognitive theories of depression by Beck hypothesized “that depressed people exhibit systematic biases in their processing of negative information” (Maddux & Winstead, 2012, p. 216). This theory came from Becks findings on the thoughts and dreams of some of his patients who suffered from depression. It was found many of the patients often expressed shared themes of self-punishment, loss, and deprivation. The negative self-schema was created to express the relationship between a person’s negative thoughts and feelings associated with oneself thus leading to depression. The schemata can be triggered by negative cues, and people who are at a higher risk for suffering from depression tend to remember and focus more on negative information over positive information. There is evidence to prove the pessimism of depressed patients is realistic, which is a phenomenon known as depressive realism or sadder but wiser effect. The more a person lives a negative cognitive lifestyle, combined with the stressors of everyday life, increases their depressive symptoms significantly. References: Maddux, J.E. & Winstead, B.A. (2012). Psychopathology: Foundations for a contemporary understanding (3rd ed.) Routledge.

 

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