Soci212-quizes

Quiz One

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Part 1 of 1 – 20.0/ 20.0 Points

 

Question 1 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. According to the author, our explanations of social problems, for the most part, are based on all the following except:

 

 A.life experiences.
 B.exhaustive review of the literature.
 C.good guesses.
 D.opinions.
Question 2 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. __________ is the systematic study of individuals, groups, and social structures.

 

 A.Psychology.
 B.Anthropology.
 C.Socialism.
 D.Sociology.
Question 3 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. __________ coined the term, “sociological imagination.”

 

 A.C. Wright Mills.
 B.Peter Berger.
 C.Salvador Henriquez.
 D.Spencer Pastorin.
Question 4 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. Earl was fired as a golf course supervisor. Using his sociological imagination, he might conclude that:

 

 A.he is a lousy employee.
 B.he was not given a second chance.
 C.his city and/or state is experiencing high levels of unemployment.
 D.he was not the best choice for the position in the first place.
Question 5 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. The cost of college tuition is:

 

 A.rising at a slower rate than family income or student financial aid.
 B.rising at about the same rate as family income or student financial aid.
 C.rising at a faster rate than family income or student financial aid.
 D.not being tracked.
Question 6 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. As defined by the author, a social problem is a social condition or pattern of behavior that has__________ consequences for __________.

 

 A.positive; non-conforming members of society.
 B.negative; our social world.
 C.positive; individuals.
 D.negative; individuals, our social world, or our physical world.
Question 7 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. The difference between objective and subjective realities of social problems stem from:

 

 A.objective realities are based on valid data collection while subjective realities are based on assumptions and personal experiences.
 B.subjective realities are based on valid data collection while objective realities are based on assumptions and personal experiences.
 C.there is no difference between them.
 D.objective realities depend on one’s ability to discern the social construction of reality while subjective realities are free of this principal.
Question 8 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. The concept of the “Social Construction of Reality” was coined and greatly explored by:

 

 A.Karl Marx.
 B.Emile Durkheim.
 C.Peter Berger and Thomas Luckman.
 D.Max Weber and Robert Merton.
Question 9 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. A rash of older couples had their homes broken into and were robbed at gunpoint by a group of teenagers. The couples now feel that young people are a threat to them. Which of the following theories will help us best understand their new found beliefs?

 

 A.genontocracy.
 B.exchange mobility.
 C.structural mobility.
 D.social constructionism.
Question 10 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. According to Spector and Kituse (1987), which of the following is not a stage in the identification process of a social problem?

 

 A.legitimization.
 B.conflict.
 C.transformation.
 D.acculturation.
Question 11 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. The gap between the richest and poorest Americans has __________ over the last two decades.

 

 A.stayed the same.
 B.decreased.
 C.increased.
 D.completely disappeared.
Question 12 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. The poverty guidelines are issued each year by the __________ and are used for determining family or individual eligibility for federal programs.

 

 A.U. S. Census Bureau.
 B.Department of Agriculture.
 C.Department of Health and Human Services.
 D.Social Security Administration.
Question 13 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. Define the following terms in the order presented. __________ refers to a lack of basic necessities such as food, shelter, and income. __________ refers to a situation where people are falling behind from the average income or life style enjoyed by the rest of society. __________ refers to the original federal poverty measure developed by the Social Security Administration and updated each year by the U.S. Census Bureau. __________ refers to criteria used for determining family or individual eligibility for federal programs such as Head Start.

 

 A.Relative poverty; Absolute poverty; Poverty threshold; Poverty guidelines.
 B.Absolute poverty; Relative poverty; Poverty threshold; Poverty guidelines.
 C.Absolute poverty; Relative poverty; Poverty guidelines; Poverty threshold.
 D.Relative poverty; Absolute poverty; Poverty guidelines; Poverty threshold.
Question 14 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. According to the 2008 poverty figures, __________ compose the largest group of poor individuals in the United States.

 

 A.Hispanic-Americans.
 B.Asian-Americans.
 C.white-Americans.
 D.black-Americans.
Question 15 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. According to recent research, __________ are more likely to live in poverty than Americans in any other age group.

 

 A.the elderly.
 B.eighteen to twenty-five year olds.
 C.thirty to forty year olds.
 D.children.
Question 16 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. According to the state map presented, __________ had the highest rate of child poverty, while __________ had the lowest.

 

 A.Alabama; Connecticut.
 B.Mississippi; New Hampshire.
 C.Texas; Oregon.
 D.New Mexico; Maryland.
Question 17 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. Put the following regions of the country in order from the highest poverty rate to the lowest poverty rate: Midwest, Northeast, South, and West.

 

 A.South, West, Northeast, Midwest.
 B.South, Midwest, Northeast, West.
 C.South, West, Midwest,Northeast.
 D.Midwest, South, West, Northeast.
Question 18 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. Which of the following sociological perspectives would support the following statement? “During periods of economic crisis, the state expands welfare rolls to pacify the poor and reduce the likelihood of serious uprising. However, during economic growth and stability, the state attempts to reduce the amount of people on welfare, forcing the poor or dislocated worker back into the expanding labor force.”

 

 A.Feminist.
 B.Interactionist.
 C.Functional.
 D.Conflict.
Question 19 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. In regards to poverty, Interactionists focus on:

 

 A.how poverty is learned and the public’s perception of welfare and its recipients.
 B.how poverty is functional for society in many ways.
 C.how poverty is an arena of political struggle.
 D.how poverty is a result of those in power exploiting those with little or no power.
Question 20 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. Under the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) welfare program, there is a federal lifetime limit of __________ of assistance, though states may put shorter limits on benefits.

 

 A.48 months.
 B.60 months.
 C.36 months.
 D.50 months.

Quiz Two

 

Part 1 of 1 – 20.0/ 20.0 Points

 

Question 1 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. According to Feagin and Batur (2004), by the __________, the majority of the U.S. population will be comprised on non-Hispanic whites.

 

 A.2030s.
 B.2040s.
 C.2050s.
 D.2060s.
Question 2 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. Which of the following states listed does not currently have a non-white majority population?

 

 A.Minnesota.
 B.Hawaii.
 C.Texas.
 D.California.
Question 3 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. DeParle estimated that about __________ percent of the world’s population lived in a country other than their birth country in 2007.

 

 A.three.
 B.fifteen.
 C.twenty-five.
 D.thirty-seven.
Question 4 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. Social scientists reject the biological notions of race, instead favoring an approach that treats race as a(n) __________.

 

 A.delusion.
 B.imperative.
 C.construct.
 D.psychosis.
Question 5 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. Ethnicity refers to one’s __________, while race refers to one’s __________.

 

 A.color of skin and other physical features; language, religion, and other learned traits.
 B.level of morality; physical features.
 C.genetic characteristics; cultural traits.
 D.cultural traits; genetic characteristics.
Question 6 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. As of 2002, __________ Americans were the nation’s largest minority group.

 

 A.white.
 B.Hispanic.
 C.African.
 D.Asian.
Question 7 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. All but which of the following states have the highest proportion of Hispanics in the U.S.?

 

 A.Arizona.
 B.New Mexico.
 C.Texas.
 D.Iowa.
Question 8 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. Throughout the over two hundred year history of the United States Senate, __________ women have served as Senators.

 

 A.two.
 B.thirty-five.
 C.sixty-five.
 D.one hundred twenty-two.
Question 9 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. The first women to serve in the United States Senate was/is:

 

 A.Rebecca Latimer Felton.
 B.Hillary Rodham Clinton.
 C.Geraldine Ferraro.
 D.Jane Addams.
Question 10 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. In 2009, there were __________ women serving as U.S. Senators.

 

 A.two.
 B.ten.
 C.seventeen.
 D.fifty-three.
Question 11 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. Which of the following theoretical perspectives argues that gender inequality is inevitable due to biological division of labor in the household which is necessary to establish role differentiation in the family?

 

 A.interactionist.
 B.feminist.
 C.conflict.
 D.functional.
Question 12 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. __________ refers to a system where men are dominant over women.

 

 A.Matriarchy.
 B.Patriarchy.
 C.Monogamy.
 D.Polyandry.
Question 13 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. Which of the following theory(ies) purport(s) our social and political structures are created to maintain the dominance of men?

 

 A.Functional.
 B.Conflict.
 C.Feminist.
 D.both b and c are correct.
Question 14 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. According to the Conflict and Feminist perspectives, women’s subordinate position in society is linked to:

 

 A.their relationship to the means of production.
 B.their desire to be men.
 C.their overly aggressive feminist agenda..
 D.their genetic makeup.
Question 15 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. Women continue to dominate in all but which of the following occupations?

 

 A.postal service carriers.
 B.receptionists.
 C.childcare workers.
 D.teacher assistants.
Question 16 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. As described in your textbook, the term __________ has come to symbolize the pursuit of individual rights and self-identification for gay and lesbian persons.

 

 A.“going in.”
 B.“self-actualization.”
 C.“self-realization.”
 D.“coming out.”
Question 17 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. Sodomy laws:

 

 A.are enforced today in over twenty U.S. states.
 B.have never been enforced.
 C.criminalized oral and anal sex between two consenting adults.
 D.decriminalized oral and anal sex between two consenting adults.
Question 18 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. In 2003, __________ U.S. states still had state sodomy laws.

 

 A.thirteen.
 B.two.
 C.twenty-one.
 D.forty.
Question 19 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. In March 2003, the United States Supreme Court heard the case brought against John Lawrence and Tyron Garner for violating the state of Texas’ law banning homosexual sodomy. The court ruled:

 

 A.to overturn the Texas law.
 B.to overturn the Texas law and all other remaining sodomy laws in the U.S.
 C.to uphold the Texas law.
 D.it had no jurisdiction over the matter.
Question 20 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. The U.S. Supreme Court __________ overturned sodomy laws in the U.S. and did so in __________.

 

 A.has not; N/A.
 B.has; 2003.
 C.has; 1965.
 D.has; 1882.

Quiz Three

 

Part 1 of 1 – 20.0/ 20.0 Points

 

Question 1 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. Frieda Birnbaum, at age 60, became the oldest U.S. women to give birth to twins after traveling to __________ for a special in-vitro fertilization treatment for older women.

 

 A.California.
 B.France.
 C.South Africa.
 D.New York.
Question 2 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. A life course perspective:

 

 A.examines the entire course of human life from childhood to old age.
 B.examines the first twelve years of human life.
 C.examines life from age 18 to old age.
 D.focuses on the later years in life.
Question 3 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. __________ is the specific study of aging and the elderly.

 

 A.Seniorology.
 B.Scientology.
 C.Genealogy.
 D.Gerontology.
Question 4 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. Population aging in the U.S. is also referred to as:

 

 A.Angelology.
 B.“the graying of America.”
 C.“the whiting of America.”
 D.Agrology.
Question 5 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. Median age refers to:

 

 A.the average age of a population.
 B.the most frequently occurring age in a population.
 C.the age where half the population is older and the other half is younger.
 D.the age calculated one half between the average and mode.
Question 6 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. Place the appropriate median age in the U.S. with the appropriate year listed as follows: __________- 1820; __________ – 1900; __________ – 2000; __________ – 2030.

 

 A.17 years; 35 years; 23 years; 42 years.
 B.23 years; 17 years; 35 years; 42 years.
 C.35 years; 17 years; 23 years; 42 years.
 D.17 years; 23 years; 35 years; 42 years.
Question 7 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. __________ refers to the study of the changes and trends in the population.

 

 A.Agrology.
 B.Demography.
 C.Gerontology.
 D.Urbanization.
Question 8 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. All but which of the following have been identified as reasons why our population is aging?

 

 A.increase in birth rates.
 B.improvements in medical and technological advances.
 C.influence of birth cohorts.
 D.all the above are correct.
Question 9 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. According to the Centers for Disease Control, the life expectancy for a child born in 2008 was:

 

 A.59.8 years.
 B.68.2 years.
 C.77.7 years.
 D.85.5 years.
Question 10 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. It is estimated that approximately __________ people become eligible for Social Security every __________.

 

 A.1,000; day.
 B.1,000; month.
 C.10,000; month.
 D.10,000; day.
Question 11 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. The persistent social ideals of women as homemakers and men as breadmakers is/are problematic from which of the following sociological perspectives?

 

 A.Conflict.
 B.Functional.
 C.Feminist.
 D.both a and c are correct.
Question 12 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. From the Interactionist perspective, we create and maintain our definition of a family through:

 

 A.endogamy.
 B.egalitarianism.
 C.power struggles.
 D.social interaction.
Question 13 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. According to the author, political and religious forces uphold and encourage a(n) __________ family form as the standard for what all families should be like.

 

 A.blended.
 B.egalitarian.
 C.matriarchal.
 D.patriarchal.
Question 14 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. No-fault divorces were introduced in the:

 

 A.1960s.
 B.1970s.
 C.1980s.
 D.1990s.
Question 15 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. It was noted that divorce rates have increased for all but which one of the following reasons?

 

 A.the transition from nuclear to extended family forms.
 B.the stigma attached to divorce has decreased.
 C.increasing geographic and occupational mobility of families.
 D.increasing economic independence of women.
Question 16 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. The divorce rate in the late 1970s and early 1980s was approximately __________ per 1,000 individuals.

 

 A.2.3.
 B.6.7.
 C.1.4.
 D.5.3.
Question 17 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. The U.S. marital rate _____ over the last ten years most recently recorded at _____ per 1,000 individuals for 2008.

 

 A.declined; 7.1.
 B.declined; 4.3.
 C.increased; 2.4.
 D.increased; 9.7.
Question 18 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. In recent years, the divorce rate has remained stable at around __________ divorces per 1,000 persons in the total U.S. population.

 

 A.2.0.
 B.3.0.
 C.4.0.
 D.5.0.
Question 19 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. According to research, getting married at a young age __________ chances of divorce, while living with high levels of poverty __________ chances of divorce.

 

 A.increases; decreases.
 B.decreases; decreases.
 C.increases; increases.
 D.decreases; increases.
Question 20 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. Current data suggests that between __________ of women will be assaulted by an intimate partner during their lifetime.

 

 A.5 – 15%.
 B.21 – 34%.
 C.35 – 45%.
 D.40 – 50%.

4B-Quiz Four

 

Part 1 of 1 – 20.0/ 20.0 Points

 

Question 1 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. According toto Crissey (2009) __________ of adults 25 years old completed at least a high school degree and more than __________ of all adults had attained at least a bachelor’s degree.

 

 A.50%; 15%.
 B.70%; 18%.
 C.85%; 27%.
 D.78%; 20%.
Question 2 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. Which of the following was not identified as a manifest function of the social institution of education?

 

 A.personal development.
 B.educate.
 C.proper socialization.
 D.supervision.
Question 3 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. Which of the following sociological perspectives is/are concerned that schools often indoctrinate students in the U.S. in Western bureaucratic ideology?

 

 A.Functionalism.
 B.Interactionism.
 C.Conflict.
 D.Conflict and Interactionism.
Question 4 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. The sociological concept of “definition of the situation” was developed by:

 

 A.W.I. Thomas and Dorothy Swaine Thomas.
 B.W.I. Thomas.
 C.Rosabeth Moss Kanter.
 D.R. S. Smith.
Question 5 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. According to the research of Myra and David Sadker (1994):

 

 A.boys receive less praise, corrections, and feedback than girls in school.
 B.girls receive less attention than boys in school.
 C.boys receive less attention than girls in school.
 D.girls and boys receive about the same amount of attention, praise, correction, and feedback in school.
Question 6 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. __________ refers to the practice where advanced learners are separated from regular learners.

 

 A.Exclusion.
 B.Inclusion.
 C.Mainstreaming.
 D.Tracking.
Question 7 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. According to the author, the current call for educational reform was initiated during the __________ administration.

 

 A.Clinton.
 B.Reagan.
 C.Bush.
 D.Nixon.
Question 8 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. The No Child Left Behind Act was passed during the __________ administration.

 

 A.Bush.
 B.Clinton.
 C.Reagan.
 D.Ford.
Question 9 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. While the U.S. spends __________ on education than other high-income countries, our literacy scores are __________ in a world comparison.

 

 A.less; above average.
 B.less; average.
 C.more; average.
 D.more; below average.
Question 10 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. According to the textbook, which of the following countries did not score higher than the U.S. on literacy scores?

 

 A.Sweden.
 B.Japan.
 C.Canada.
 D.Norway.
Question 11 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. The U.S. Bureau of Statistics reported a __________ unemployment rate in December 2009.

 

 A.8 percent.
 B.7.1 percent.
 C.10 percent.
 D.1.4 percent.
Question 12 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. Frances is working at a job that is below her skill level. Frances can be considered to be __________.

 

 A.unemployed.
 B.underemployed.
 C.not in the workforce.
 D.disemployed.
Question 13 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. Persons who are __________ and __________ have high underemployment rates compared to those outside their groups.

 

 A.female; college educated.
 B.elderly; non-college educated.
 C.college educated; young.
 D.young; ethnic/racial minorities.
Question 14 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. According to the 1993 report cited in your textbook, which of the following groups had the highest rates of labor force nonparticipation?

 

 A.blacks and Puerto Ricans.
 B.blacks and Native-Americans.
 C.Asians and blacks.
 D.Asians and Puerto Ricans.
Question 15 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. Which of the following countries is expected to be the recipient of the largest number of outsourced jobs from the United States?

 

 A.Canada.
 B.India.
 C.China.
 D.Brazil.
Question 16 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. Low-wage workers are characterized as:

 

 A.minority.
 B.female.
 C.disabled.
 D.both a and b are correct.
Question 17 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. __________ defines job stress as the harmful emotional or physical responses that occurs when one’s job characteristics do not match with the capabilities, resources, or needs or the worker.

 

 A.Occupational Safety and Health Administration.
 B.Department of Commerce.
 C.National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health.
 D.Department of Health and Human Services.
Question 18 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. Under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, employment discrimination based on __________ is prohibited.

 

 A.religion and sexual orientation.
 B.sex.
 C.national origin and disability.
 D.both b and c are correct.
Question 19 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. While laws were created to stop workplace discrimination on the basis of race, religion, sex, and national origin in 1964, the Age Discrimination in Employment Act was not realized until __________ and the Americans with Disabilities Act was not implemented until __________.

 

 A.1967; 1990.
 B.1972; 1985.
 C.1978; 1987.
 D.1980; 1988.
Question 20 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. The Fair Labor Standards Act establishes standards for all but which of the following?

 

 A.minimum wage.
 B.discrimination.
 C.child labor.
 D.overtime.

Quiz Five

 

 

Part 1 of 1 – 20.0/ 20.0 Points

 

Question 1 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. Which of the following statements is inconsistent with the 2008 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s report of health trends for 2008?

 

 A.death rates from heart disease increased slightly.
 B.life expectancy reached 77.8 years in the U.S.
 C.the life expectancy gap between Blacks and Whites narrowed.
 D.the life expectancy gap between men and women narrowed.
Question 2 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. The Center for Disease Control reported that the overall life expectancy, not accounting for race or gender, reached a record high of __________ in 2008.

 

 A.72.1 years.
 B.74.7 years.
 C.77.8 years.
 D.80.3 years.
Question 3 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. __________ is the study of the patterns in the distribution and frequency of sickness, injury and death, and the social factors that shape them.

 

 A.Epiphytology.
 B.Episiotomy.
 C.Epizootiology.
 D.Epidemiology.
Question 4 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. Match the appropriate term to its definition in the order presented. __________ is the level of childbearing for an individual or population. __________ refers to the maximum number of children that could be born. __________ is the incidence of death in a population.

 

 A.Mortality; Fecundity; Fertility.
 B.Fecundity; Fertility; Mortality.
 C.Fertility; Fecundity; Mortality.
 D.Fecundity; Mortality; Fertility.
Question 5 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. The crude birth rate in the United States for 2007 was about __________.

 

 A.92 births per 100 women.
 B.14 births per 1,000 women.
 C.14 births per 10,000 women.
 D.92 births per 1,000 women.
Question 6 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. Today’s leading causes of death in the United States include all but which of the following?

 

 A.intestinal infection.
 B.cancer.
 C.chronic lower respiratory disease.
 D.stroke.
Question 7 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. Match the appropriate term to its definition in the order presented. __________ refers to the number of new cases within a population during a specific time period. __________ refers to the total number of cases with a specific health problem during a specific time period. __________ refers to an illness that strikes suddenly and disappears quickly. __________ refers to an illness that lasts a long time.

 

 A.Prevalence rate; Incidence rate; Chronic illness; Acute illness.
 B.Incidence rate; Prevalence rate; Chronic illness; Acute illness.
 C.Incidence rate; Prevalence rate; Acute illness; Chronic illness.
 D.Prevalence rate; Incidence rate; Acute illness; Chronic illness.
Question 8 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. Which of the following is not one of Talcott Parson’s parts of the “sick role?”

 

 A.the individual is held responsible to not infect others.
 B.the individual is not held responsible for his/her illness.
 C.the individual is expected to visit a medical authority and to follow his/her advice.
 D.the individual must try to get well.
Question 9 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. The 1910 Flexner report:

 

 A.was totally discredited by the American Medical Association.
 B.showed that the medical system was fair in its treatment of the impoverished.
 C.led to the opening of numerous medical schools throughout the United States.
 D.led to strict licensing criteria for all medical schools.
Question 10 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. __________ argued that mental disorders are not actually illnesses, but instead are a convenient myth to cover for the “everyday fact that life for most people is a continuos struggle.”

 

 A.Peter Conrad.
 B.Pauline Cummings.
 C.Thomas Szasz.
 D.Debbie Wallace.
Question 11 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. Which of the following were identified as the two most important criterion that mass media organizations use to determine what events are news worthy?

 

 A.proximity and deviation.
 B.excitement and impact level.
 C.pertinent and excitement.
 D.deviation and pertinent.
Question 12 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. David Altheide argues that __________ is persuasive in American society and much of it is produced through messages presented by the news media.

 

 A.prejudice.
 B.loyalty.
 C.passiveness.
 D.fear.
Question 13 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. In the study of 56 local news programs in 1997, crime was a featured subject accounting for approximately __________ of all news coverage in some cities.

 

 A.ten percent.
 B.twenty-five percent.
 C.seventy-five percent.
 D.fifty percent.
Question 14 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. According to the author, the digital divide is a symptom of a larger social problem – social inequality based on:

 

 A.age, educational attainment, and income.
 B.income, educational attainment, and ethnicity/race.
 C.age, income, and ethnicity/race.
 D.gender, age, income, and ethnicity/race.
Question 15 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. Lazarus and Mora (2000. identified all but which of the following as online content barriers for underserved communities.

 

 A.a lack of sufficient graphics for visual learners.
 B.a lack of information at a basic literacy level.
 C.a lack of locally relevant information.
 D.a lack of content for non-English speakers.
Question 16 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. The __________ enforces U.S. federal laws regarding indecency.

 

 A.U.S. Department of Justice.
 B.U.S. Federal Department of Communications.
 C.U.S. Federal Communication Commission.
 D.U.S. Department of Commerce.
Question 17 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. Under current Federal Communications Commission rules, radio stations and over the air television channels cannot air indecent language or material that shows or describes sexual or excretory functions between:

 

 A.6:00 a.m. and 11:00 p.m.
 B.7:00 a.m. and 11:00 p.m.
 C.8:00 a.m. and 11:00 p.m.
 D.6:00 a.m. and 10:00 p.m.
Question 18 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. In a study of 400 hours of television programming, the Parents Television Council found that foul language __________ during __________ time slot(s. between 1998 and 2002.

 

 A.decreased; every.
 B.increased; every.
 C.remained the same; every.
 D.decreased; most.
Question 19 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. All but which of the following are exempt from displaying the TV Parental Guidelines rating at the beginning of a program?

 

 A.cartoons.
 B.news.
 C.sports programming.
 D.commercials.
Question 20 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. A 2003 study found that approximately __________ of the Internet use in workplaces was not work related.

 

 A.forty-five percent.
 B.twenty percent.
 C.one percent.
 D.five percent.

Quiz Six

 

Part 1 of 1 – 20.0/ 20.0 Points

 

Question 1 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. Federal law requires all sentenced federal drug offenders to serve at least __________ of their imposed sentence.

 

 A.twenty percent.
 B.fifty percent.
 C.eight-seven percent.
 D.ninety-nine.
Question 2 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. Tougher sentencing has __________ the availability of drugs, __________ to reduce illicit drug use.

 

 A.decreased; but has failed.
 B.failed to decrease; but has succeeded.
 C.decreased; and has succeeded.
 D.failed to decrease; and has failed.
Question 3 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. __________ developed the theory of anomie.

 

 A.Emile Durkheim.
 B.C. Wright Mills.
 C.Peter Mills.
 D.George Haligan.
Question 4 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. According to Roberts (1991), public health facilities and private doctors are ten times more inclined to turn in pregnant __________ women than pregnant white women who use drugs.

 

 A.Asian-American.
 B.Native-American.
 C.Hispanic.
 D.black.
Question 5 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. According to the research of Gail Unterberger (1989), alcoholic women are __________ likely to suffer from depression than their male counterparts and may turn their anger __________ rather than __________.

 

 A.less; on themselves; others.
 B.more; on themselves; others.
 C.less; on others; themselves.
 D.more; on others; themselves.
Question 6 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. Edwin Sutherland proposed the theory of __________ to explain how we learn specific behaviors and norms from the groups we have contact with.

 

 A.social learning.
 B.labeling.
 C.differential association.
 D.control.
Question 7 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. __________ refers to the use of any drug or medication for a reason other than which it was intended or in a manner or in quantities other than directed which can lead to clinically significant impairment or distress.

 

 A.Drug abuse.
 B.Drug rehabilitation.
 C.Drug addiction.
 D.Codependency.
Question 8 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. Which of the following was not identified as a symptom of alcoholism in your textbook?

 

 A.loss of control.
 B.intolerance.
 C.physical dependence.
 D.craving.
Question 9 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. Which of the following groups has the lowest adult alcohol drinking rate in the United States?

 

 A.Native-Hawaiians.
 B.Alaska-Natives.
 C.American-Indians.
 D.Asian-Americans.
Question 10 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. According to research, __________ adolescent minorities have the lowest rates of drinking alcohol, while __________ adolescent minorities have the highest rates of drinking alcohol.

 

 A.African-American; Hispanic-American.
 B.Asian-American; white-American.
 C.Hispanic-American; African-American.
 D.Native-American; white-American.
Question 11 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. Criminologist __________ studied differential treatment given to white upper-class boys and white lower-class boys in his classic 1973 study entitled, “The Saints and Roughnecks.”

 

 A.Edwin Lemert.
 B.Steve DeBusschere.
 C.Ray Laguna.
 D.William Chambliss.
Question 12 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. According to William Chambliss’, “The Saints and Roughnecks” study, the rate of delinquency was:

 

 A.greater for the Saints than the Roughnecks.
 B.about equal for both groups.
 C.greater for the Roughnecks that the Saints.
 D.never truly determined.
Question 13 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. Henry Brownstein (2001. argued that __________ matter(s. in our perception and conceptualization of criminals and crime.

 

 A.race.
 B.race and class.
 C.class.
 D.race, class, and age.
Question 14 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. Interactionists attempt to explain how deviance or criminal behavior:

 

 A.is a direct result of the exploitation of working class people.
 B.stems from a patriarchal society.
 C.is functional for society.
 D.is learned through association with others.
Question 15 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. The __________ publishes the Uniform Crime Report.

 

 A.Central Intelligence Agency.
 B.Bureau of Justice.
 C.Federal Bureau of Investigation.
 D.Bureau of Justice Statistics.
Question 16 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. The Uniform Crime Report summarizes which of the following categories of crime?

 

 A.index crimes and non-index crimes.
 B.felonies and misdemeanors.
 C.violent, property, and juvenile crimes.
 D.white-collar, blue-collar, and index crimes.
Question 17 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. Index crimes include __________, while non-index crimes include __________.

 

 A.hate crimes; arson.
 B.arson; embezzlement.
 C.traffic violations; murder.
 D.murder; petty theft.
Question 18 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. The Federal Bureau of Investigation’s Crime Clock is:

 

 A.a representation of non-violent crimes.
 B.a graphic display of how often specific offenses are committed.
 C.a graphic display of the most likely time of day an offense might occur.
 D.a graphic display that underestimates the occurrence of crimes.
Question 19 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. The National Crime Victimization Survey reports about all the following except:

 

 A.information about the victim and crimes.
 B.experiences of the victims with the criminal justice system.
 C.possible substance abuse by offenders.
 D.eight index crimes reported by the Uniform Crime Report.
Question 20 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. The victimization rate for crimes of violence was __________ in 2008.

 

 A.19.3 victimizations per 1,000 persons age 12 or older.
 B.80.4 victimizations per 100 persons age 15 or older.
 C.80.4 victimizations per 1,000 persons age 21 or older.
 D.25.9 victimizations per 1,000 persons age 18 or older.

Quiz Seven

 

Part 1 of 1 – 20.0/ 20.0 Points

 

Question 1 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. Sociologists at __________ created the field of urban sociology in the __________.

 

 A.Columbia University; 1940s.
 B.University of Chicago; 1920s.
 C.Atlanta University; 1930s.
 D.Harvard University; 1940s.
Question 2 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. The first studies on urbanization and urban sociology adopted a(n. __________ approach.

 

 A.conflict.
 B.feminist.
 C.interactionist.
 D.functionalist.
Question 3 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. __________ refers to the study of the relationship between individuals and their physical environment.

 

 A.Gentrification.
 B.Human ecology.
 C.Demography.
 D.Urbanization.
Question 4 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. __________ refers to the study of the size, composition, and distribution of human populations.

 

 A.Gentrification.
 B.Human ecology.
 C.Demography.
 D.Urbanization.
Question 5 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. Define the following terms in the order presented. __________ refers to the movement of individuals from one area to another. __________ refers to the movement of individuals into a geographic area. __________ refers to the movement of individuals out of a geographic area.

 

 A.Migration; Immigration; Emigration.
 B.Immigration; Migration; Emigration.
 C.Migration; Emigration; Immigration.
 D.Emigration; Immigration; Migration.
Question 6 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. Approximately __________ people in the United States moved between 2007 and 2008.

 

 A.2 million.
 B.800,000.
 C.35 million.
 D.100 million.
Question 7 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. According to Schachter (2004., the majority of people that move do so for:

 

 A.employment opportunities.
 B.housing related reasons.
 C.a better life.
 D.desire to be closer to family.
Question 8 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. __________ refers to the process by which a population shifts from rural to urban settings.

 

 A.Segregation.
 B.Suburbanization.
 C.Gentrification.
 D.Urbanization.
Question 9 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. The five largest metropolitan areas in the U.S. for 2008 were:

 

 A.Los Angeles, Houston, New York City, San Francisco, and Chicago.
 B.New York City, Chicago, Los Angeles, Houston, and San Francisco.
 C.New York City, Los Angeles, Chicago, Dallas, and Philadelphia.
 D.Los Angeles, New York City, Philadelphia, Atlanta, and Dallas.
Question 10 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. Define the following terms in the order presented. __________ is an area with 2,500 or more people. __________ is a densely populated area with 50,000 or more people. __________ is a densely populated area with 100,000 or more people.

 

 A.Urbanized area; Urban population; Metropolitan statistical area.
 B.Urban population; Urbanized area; Metropolitan statistical area.
 C.Metropolitan statistical area; Urban population; Urbanized area.
 D.Metropolitan statistical area; Urbanized area; Urban population.
Question 11 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. Which of the following is not one of John Hannigan’s factors that is necessary for the successful construction of an environmental problem?

 

 A.the public’s generalized belief for and validation of the claim of an environmental problem.
 B.media attention that frames the problem as novel and important.
 C.the dramatization of the problem in symbolic or visual terms.
 D.the emergence of an institutional sponsor who can ensure legitimacy and continuity of the problem.
Question 12 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. The Environmental Protection Agency reported that __________ was the worst recorded smog season on record.

 

 A.2002.
 B.1974.
 C.1982.
 D.1997.
Question 13 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. Scientists report that one out of every __________ people in the United States is at high risk of experiencing ozone-related health effects.

 

 A.two.
 B.four.
 C.five.
 D.three.
Question 14 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. Which of the following age groups is the most likely to suffer from chronic asthma?

 

 A.elderly.
 B.children.
 C.young adults.
 D.middle-aged adults.
Question 15 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. __________ signed the Brownfields Economic Revitalization Act into law.

 

 A.George H.W. Bush.
 B.Bill Clinton.
 C.George W. Bush.
 D.Ronald Reagan.
Question 16 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. The Brownfields Economic Revitalization Act authorizes __________ annually to assist with the cleanup and restoration of over __________ sites throughout the United States.

 

 A.$800 million; 45,000.
 B.$ 2.4 billion; 450,000.
 C.$250 million; 450,000.
 D.$1 million; 45,000.
Question 17 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. The Environmental Protection Agency estimates that approximately __________ Americans die annually as a result of contaminated drinking water.

 

 A.10.
 B.100.
 C.1,000.
 D.10,000.
Question 18 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. Large metropolitan areas get most of their fresh water from __________ and small/rural areas get most of their fresh water from __________.

 

 A.ground water sources; surface water sources.
 B.surface water sources; ground water sources.
 C.surface water sources; surface water sources.
 D.ground water sources; ground water sources.
Question 19 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. __________ is the smallest designated wilderness area in the United States, while __________ is the largest.

 

 A.Yellowstone, MT; Glacier, MT.
 B.Wrangell-St. Elias, AK; Pelican Island, FL.
 C.Pelican Island, FL; Wrangell-St. Elias, AK.
 D.Denali, AK; Shenandoah, VA.
Question 20 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. The Endangered Species Act of 1973 has been called controversial because:

 

 A.it preserves the interests of the species being protected above economic and human interests.
 B.very few people supported the legislation in the first place.
 C.it does more long-term damage than first projected.
 D.biologists argue it does more damage than good.

8-Quiz Eight

 

Part 1 of 1 – 20.0/ 20.0 Points

 

Question 1 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. __________ is the unlawful use of force or violence against persons or property to intimidate or coerce a government, the civilian population, or any segment thereof, in furtherance of political or social objectives.

 

 A.Crime.
 B.Warfare.
 C.War.
 D.Terrorism.
Question 2 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. According to your textbook, __________ governments and networks commit the most extreme acts of terror.

 

 A.Islamic.
 B.Christian.
 C.Jewish.
 D.non-religious.
Question 3 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. Which of the following is not one of Pillar’s elements of terrorism?

 

 A.terrorism is a premeditated act.
 B.terrorism is non-purposeful.
 C.terrorism is usually carried out by clandestine agents.
 D.terrorism includes the threat of violence.
Question 4 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. As described in the textbook, all but which of the following are included on a list of basic tactics that account for ninety-five percent of all terrorist incidents?

 

 A.bombings.
 B.armed assaults.
 C.cyber-crime.
 D.hijackings.
Question 5 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. Place the following wars in chronological order from oldest to most recent.

 

 A.American Revolution, Civil War, Mexican War, Spanish American War, World War I.
 B.American Revolution, Civil War, Spanish American War, Mexican War, World War I.
 C.American Revolution, Spanish American War, Civil War, Mexican War, World War I.
 D.American Revolution, Mexican War, Civil War, Spanish American War, World War I.
Question 6 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. The Mexican War was justified under the principle of __________.

 

 A.slavery.
 B.latent destiny.
 C.manifest destiny.
 D.freedom.
Question 7 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. The __________ war has been referred to as the bloodiest battle fought on U.S. soil.

 

 A.American Revolution.
 B.Civil War.
 C.Mexican War.
 D.World War II.
Question 8 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. The United States participated in World War I from:

 

 A.1918 to 1923.
 B.1902 to 1908.
 C.1939 to 1945.
 D.1914 to 1918.
Question 9 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. An armistice for the Korean War was agreed upon in:

 

 A.1948.
 B.1953.
 C.1962.
 D.1973.
Question 10 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. According to your textbook, which of the following is/are ways that war and terrorism is/are functional for society?

 

 A.warfare serves to establish power and domination.
 B.war and terrorism provides a “safety valve” for oppressed groups.
 C.war and terrorism creates social chaos which will lead to social stability.
 D.both a and b are correct.
Question 11 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. Which of the following presidents cautioned the nation about the Military-Industrial Complex?

 

 A.Harry Truman.
 B.Ronald Reagan.
 C.Lyndon Johnson.
 D.Dwight Eisenhower.
Question 12 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. Which of the following sociological perspectives is most likely to support the following statement? “Men reserve the right to make war themselves and claim that they fight wars to protect vulnerable people, such as women and children who cannot protect themselves.”

 

 A.Interaction.
 B.Functional.
 C.Conflict.
 D.Feminist.
Question 13 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. __________ focus on the social messages and meaning of war and terrorism.

 

 A.Interactionists.
 B.Functionalists.
 C.Feminists.
 D.Conflict Theorists.
Question 14 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. On __________, the worst domestic terrorist attack occurred in __________ at the __________.

 

 A.April 19, 1995; Oklahoma City, OK; Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building.
 B.April 19, 1995; Oklahoma City, OK; Balboa Park Federal Building.
 C.April 19, 1995; Tulsa, OK; Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building.
 D.April 19, 1997; Oklahoma City, OK; Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building.
Question 15 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. The World Church of the Creator and Aryan Nations are examples of:

 

 A.left-wing extremist groups.
 B.right-wing extremist groups.
 C.Puerto Rican extremist groups.
 D.environmental groups.
Question 16 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. __________ groups wish to bring about revolutionary change, adopting a socialist doctrine and see themselves as protectors of the people.

 

 A.Moderate political.
 B.Special interest.
 C.Right-wing.
 D.Left-wing.
Question 17 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. In 2003, the National Center for Post Traumatic Stress Disorder found that the total mortality of U.S. __________ vets was seventeen percent higher than other veteran groups.

 

 A.Korean.
 B.Gulf War.
 C.Vietnam.
 D.Iraq.
Question 18 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. Prior to September 11, 2001, it had been __________ years since a U.S. plane had been successfully hijacked.

 

 A.seven.
 B.twenty-one.
 C.fourteen.
 D.twenty-eight.
Question 19 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. The National Commission on the Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States (a.k.a., 9/11 Commission. was an independent __________ commission created by __________.

 

 A.bipartisan; the U.S. Department of Justice.
 B.bipartisan; congressional legislation.
 C.partisan; congressional legislation.
 D.bipartisan; presidential order.
Question 20 of 20 1.0/ 1.0 Points
  1. The Centers for Disease Control classify anthrax as a __________ agent.

 

 A.bad.
 B.Category C.
 C.Category A.
 D.Category B.

 

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